Bestamak Necropolis is one of the most unique and famous archaeological monuments in Kostanay region. It is located near the village of Shili, Auliekol district, in the northern part of Turgay trough near the river Ubagan, the right tributary of the Tobol.
Kostanay land had hided this amazing monument from scientists for a long time. Only in 1991, Necropolis was accidently discovered by shepherd. However, such cases are not common in the history of archeology. News about this amazing discovery reached to the head of the archaeological laboratory in Kostanay region - Victor Logvin. As being an enthusiast and a big fan of archeology, Logvin immediately went to Auliekol district and was amazed to find a unique historical material, which had an enormous scientific value.
The necropolis Bestamak had attracted the attention of scientists and archaeologists of Kazakhstan since 1991. The monument had been studied by archaeological expedition of Turgay for nine field seasons in 1991 -1993, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2005 -2008 years. Necropolis Bestamak entered the state republican program "Cultural heritage". Funds for studying the object were divided from regional budget. A monument was deservedly included to the list of cultural heritage of Kostanay region.
Sayings of Deputy Director of the Regional Museum Research Galina Satalkina about this monument: "Bestamak is a unique treasure of our region! It is included to many ages, materials of which present an extensive archaeological framework: from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Ages".
Almost each archaeological season of Bestamak gave scientists new findings. Rare burial of Stone Age had been found six years ago, later archaeologists found the evidence of the Andronov culture. One of the most striking patterns findings in Bestamak - hanging plaque with delicate and thin weaves. In fact, this unique thing is a fine piece of work. Kazakh archaeologists showed it to Russian colleagues from Chelyabinsk, also to investigators of the Andronov culture, but those could not boast with similar findings from monuments of Andronov culture.
Today the total area is 9092 sq. The ground of burial was excavated and studied more than 170 burial pits and ritual structures during investigation period. The investigation of these objects showed that the Bestamak burial was used by ancient inhabitants of Torgai deflection for a great length of time from the Stone Age (Chalcolithic) to the Middle Ages.
The uniqueness of the burial Bestamak is the first and the only burial ground in northern Kazakhstan, the proceedings of which present archaeological framework: from the Chalcolithic to the Middle Ages. It gives an opportunity to trace the features of the burial rite in the territory of one burial in different archaeological era, which were left by people, sequentially changed one after another.
In general, investigations in Bestamak repository show that necropolis had acted since the Eneolithic until the Middle Ages.