Address:Uralsk, Dostyk-DruzhbaAvenue184. Tel: +7 (711) 251 1952
The West-Kazakhstan regional museum of history and local history is one of the oldest museums in the country. It was organized in 1836 by the pedagogue of Ural military school M. K. Kurilin. Such outstanding scientists as M. K. Kurilin, G. S. Karelin, N. S. SevertsevandL. S. Berg. Ten years later it was moved to Uralsk real school and became the museum of history of Cossacks in Uralsk. Then the regional museum of history and local history was founded on its base. It was closed during the Great Patriotic war. Starting from 1980 the museum is situated in the beautiful building of the former Russian-Kyrgyz school which was built in 1879. It was acknowledged as the best one in the country and awarded with Honorable Red flag of the Ministry of culture of the USSR. The museum has 8 branches: The house-museum of the Hero of the SovietUnionM. Mametova, The house-museum of Ye.Pugachev, The house-museum of the artist S. Humarov, the nature and ecology museum in Uralsk, the museum complex of the famous writer M. Sholohov in Daryinsk village, Zelenyi district, The Syrymski district museum of history and local history after S. Datuly. There are more than 100 thousand pieces in the exposition of the museum. They show history of the development of history starting from the late Stone age up to present time. A rich collection of the museum is situated in 8 hallsof: archeology, the period of the Golden Horde and appearance of ancient settlement Zhaiyk, history of the Younger zhuz, history of the Soviet period, history of art, history of science and foundation of West-Kazakhstan region, ethnography of Kazakh people and history of the independence of theRepublic of Kazakhstan.
There are tools of the age of palaeolith in the hall of archeology.The exposition demonstrates history of human development to visitors: emergence of ceramic dish, the beginning of stone treatment. Pieces of Andronov culture arouse the biggest interest: arrowheads and spearheads, warrior'sarmors, tools made from the iron.The most unique pieces of this collection are silver and golden articles of Scythian tribes: falars (items of horse team), earrings, temporal pendants, medallions, beads, necklace, psalies (details of bridle). The hall devoted to the age of the Golden age shows the high level of development of this state. There are armors and gun of that time: akinaks, a bow with arrows, swords, sabres with a holy book «Koran», weapons for hunting, items of everyday life. Also there are ceramic panels, bricks, coins which were found during excavations of the ancient settlement Zhaiyk.
History of the development of the region in the period of ruling of Kazakh khans is presented in halls of history of the Younger zhuz and Bukey Horde. Visitors can see pictorial portraits of khans of the Younger zhuz, weapon of Kazkah warriors, torsyk, exact copies of gilded dagger and khan's scepter, ornamented saddle, a belt and a lash. The special place in the hall is given to 1723-1730. The painting «The battle atAnyrakay» is a pictorial illustration of history of Kazakh people's struggle against Dzungar's invasion.A part of the hall is devoted to the period of Zhangirkhan's ruling.
Hall of history of XX century presents the 70-year period of the Soviet rule. A big part of the exposition is devoted to the activity of West department of "Alash Horde". There are photo materials and documents of Alash intellectuals. The period of repression is also showed in this hall. Pieces found in places of shooting, personal belongings, books of sorrow, personal dossiers left indelible impressions in every visitor's heart. Exposition of history of war years contains photographs of natives of the regions – participants of the Great Patriotic war, information about activity of enterprises evacuated from Uralsk, examples of their production for the battlefront. There are separate photographs of all 48 people from Uralsk awarded with a title of the Hero of the Soviet Union and Holders of Red flag on the stand.
Hall of history of art shows history of formation of the first folk orchestra after Kurmangazy, about the art of people's artists of the Republic of Kazakhstan and beauty of scene costumes of Hadisha Bukeyeva and Roza Zhamalova. There are photo materials and personal belonging sculture figures. Hall of history of the Independence contains national currency, photo materials, books with autographs written by the first President N. Nazarbayev, pieces showing the development of economical branches, agriculture, industry in the region.
The museum goes in for cultural-enlightenment activity, carries out permanent researches. Holding seminars, round tables, conferences, festivals and other measures.