In 2006, Kazakhstan celebrated the year of the poet Alexander Pushkin, and it was the date of opening the Literature Museum named after A.S. Pushkin in Uralsk.
The museum was opened in the historical part of the city, which called "house of Ataman". The great poet stayed here in 1833, when he lived and worked in Uralsk for three days. The house was built approximately by the Italian architect Dilmedino in 1830, just a few years before the arrival of the poet. In Soviet times there was a hospital police of officers for many years. Before opening the museum, it was fully reconstructed and restored, facade and some part of the interiors was reconstructed. This building is an architectural monument, which can totally be a symbol of the Russian literature in Kazakhstan. In addition, except A.Pushkin, here I.Krylov, V.Dal, V.Zhukovsky, T.Shevchenko, A.Plescheyev, M.Sholokhov and others had been in different years.
The great poet Pushkin stayed in Uralsk only three days on October 1833. While he was collecting historical materials for "The History of the Pugachev rebellion" and the story "The Captain's Daughter", it was subsequently formed the basis of his work. Pushkin's visit was also interesting for Kazakhstan, because the poem "Kozy-Korpesh - Bayan-Sulu" was found in his archives. The text of the Kazakh epic was published first in the "Journal of the Pushkin Commission", 1837. It was written on five sheets by unknown man. The poem might be written by Kazakh people from Bokeevsky rates of middle zhuz to the Great Russian poet, who spoke well in Russian. According to Ural Pushkinist Nicholay Sherbanov, the fact about the detection of the Kazakh poem among Pushkin's papers proof that folk poetry of Kazakh was interesting to the poet. There is a suggestion that Pushkin intended to write his own poem based on "Kozy-Korpesh - Bayan-Sulu", but the early death was prevented it.
The museum's collection contains several thousand artifacts including: authentic furniture and artefacts from the early nineteenth century. Here is the feeling that the great poet has just touched by hand. We imagine the appearance of Alexander Pushkin by looking at his death mask, set of unique documents which are evidence of Pushkin's arrival in Uralsk and more.
The staff of the museum has tried to keep objects in rooms according to that era. Pictures on the walls of the museum are arranged show the arrival of Alexander Pushkin to the city. Linocuts of artists can submit places visited by the great poet “Church of Uspense", "Church of Peter and Pavel Saints", "Michail- Archangel Cathedral", "House of M.Tolkachev".
There are copies and original materials of writers on pedestals, which were left by visitors of the Uralsk in the 19th century, and copies of Pushkin's manuscripts. The exposition of the museum presents old edition of books "The Captain's Daughter" and "History of the Pugachev’s rebellion", a copy of the poet's manuscripts, photographs and documentary materials about poets and writers, who were in Uralsk, reliable information about the A.Pushkin’s visit to Uralsk by eyewitnesses.
It is symbolic that first guests of the museum were the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev and Russian President Vladimir Putin. They carefully studied the exposition and noted that such cultural communications make two nations closer.
Currently, Ural Museum is considered to be added to the list of Pushkin’s world museums.