Babadzha Khatun Mausoleum is located 18 km from Taraz, in the Aisha-Bibi village, Zhambyl district, Zhambyl region. The mausoleum is located near the Aisha-Bibi mausoleum. It is a unique architectural monument of the XI - XII centuries.
Legend about the construction of the Babadzha Khatun mausoleum is directly linked to the legend about the construction of the Aisha-Bibi mausoleum. There are several different versions of the legend. According to the most common - Aisha-Bibi was the daughter of a famous scholar and poet of the XI century Hakim Suleyman Bykyrgan. After his death, Aykozhy Sheikh brought her up. Once the ruler of Taraz - Karakhan Muhammad (the mausoleum was erected in honor to Karakhan in Taraz) asked for her hand in marriage, but her upbringer did not let him. Then she fraudulently went to Taraz. Unfortunately, her groom was not able to see her anymore, because of she died on shore of the Asa River from a snake bite, which was hidden in her headdress. Grieving over the death of the girl, Karahan erected a fabulous mausoleum on the place of her death. Companion Aisha-Bibi of the Babadzha Khatun became the guardian of the mausoleum, and she was buried after her death in 20 steps from Aisha- bibi in the Babadzha Khatun mausoleum.
The mausoleum is simple monumental architectural composition with elegant forms. Due to the stable composition and construction on a stone foundation, the mausoleum is preserved until the present day. It is a cubic building, which crowned with umbrella and sixteen-edged conical dome on the same drum; plane wall facades were decorated with niches that did not reach the ground, and medallions with curly masonry. Round arch was built in the middle of the main facade, and the entrance to the mausoleum was there. On the parapet of the main facade were remains of Arabic inscription: "This tomb, called Abadzha - Khatun. Builder is…" .
The mausoleum has cubic shape with size 6,8x6, 8x5,0 meter, and wall thickness - 1.23 m. It was built from light-burnt brick with size 24x24x0.5 cm. The architectural composition of the Babadzha Khatun Mausoleum was simple and monumental. Three facades (except western) of the building were decorated with niches and medallions. The main facade was differentiated with the presence of one side parapet.
Plane walls of facades were decorated with false arched windows and niches. Above windows lined circles of bricks, which made curly masonry. Decorative niches and medallions were boxed into the frame with shape of rectangular in the cross-sectional groove that made in masonry walls. Above the frame notched a horizontal band that formed with double bricks and turned angles to the outer wall. Similar stripes run around the top of the parapet and the drum, on which the dome was. The transition was masked by tromps from walls to eight polyhedrons and dome. The mausoleum was topped by faceted drum, which served as the basis for the 16-rib conical dome. Unfortunately, the historic dome has not been preserved until the present day. In 1981, the dome was reconstructed according to the project of Kazproektrestavratsiya Institute.
Many researchers had investigated Babadzha Khatun Mausoleum at the end of the XIX century, in 1897 by V.Kallaur, 1938 - A.Bernshtam, 1953 - Architect T.Basenov. The Mausoleum was added to the list of architectural monuments since 1982 and was taken under state protection.
In 2002, restoration works were provided in the Babadzha Khatun mausoleum. The dome was examined, and strengthened the base of the foundation of the entire construction.