Alasha-Khan's Mausoleum holds a special place among the monuments of Central Kazakhstan and Central Asia, above all, it stands out for its unique architectural and artistic qualities. The mausoleum is considered to be the monument of the XII century. It is located in the Ulytau district of the Karagandy region within 2 km to the south-west of the village Malshybay on the right bank of the river Karakengir.
The mausoleum was built in the XII century as the tomb of the legendary Alasha Khan, whose name is associated with the emergence of three Kazakh zhuzes. The term "Alash" dates back to antiquity, when tribes and clans hadn't been differentiated yet and had had joint cattle. This word is indigenously Turkic. There is a version that Alasha Khan is the son of the famous rulers of Central Asia (Abdollah Khan, Kyzyl Arystan Khan, Abdul Aziz Khan). Kazakh shezhire represents early biography of Alash Khan as the history of the royal exile, not recognized by his own father and doomed to lead a nomadic life. The earliest mention of it survived in written sources and belongs to Rashid al-Din, the greatest historian of the East (Ser. XIV c.): "... Turks called and continue to call him Yaphet Buldzha Khan (Aouldzhi Khan) and they do not know definitely whether this Buldzha Khan (Abuldzha Khan) was Noah's son or his grandson, but they all agree on the fact that he was one of his tribe and close to him in time. All Mongols, Turks, and all the tribes of nomads (literally: the inhabitants of the steppes) come from his family. Several interesting fragments of the legend of Alasha Khan were recorded by Sh.Ualikhanov, who highly valued them for their truthfulness. A well-known historian Zh.O. Artykbaev compares the numerous legends about Alasha Khan in his book "Materials for the history of the ruling house of the Kazakhs" and finds the version of M.Zh Kupeev more complete: "Before Alasha Khan's time the Kazakhs were not united people and state, and the other nations did not recognize them as such. Having chosen the piebald boy as a ruler, they pronounced his name in wars as motto - a battle cry. They had an agreement to rush at the enemy with this motto, and those who hadn't pronounced this name, even if he was one's own father, were killed as a bitter enemy. The following words remained since that remote time: "When Alash became Alash, when Alash became khan, when our house was the wooden yurt, when it became the name Alash became our motto, then we began to be Kazakhs, children of three zhuzes ...".
Alasha Khan Mausoleum is truly amazing and magnificent structure created by
unknown medieval masters. The entire building is constructed from special fired brick, ancient builders used wood for decoration of window openings and doors.
In architectural terms, the mausoleum of Alasha Khan has rectangular shape of the size of 9,73 × 11,9 m, and 10 m high. A double door is placed at the center of the main facade, deep double arch niche framed by profound two-tone stripe and decorated with shaped bricks is right behind this door. Hexagonal columns are installed on both sides of the facade, each column based on three hemisphere, two of which are whole, while the third serves as a basis for the column. The main door with a height more than 2 m and 1.2 m width leads to the mausoleum. The walls of the mausoleum is fortified with eight dams; the dome rests on a 16-sided drum, around which a circular gallery is located.
Thanks to strict proportions and unusual elements of the composition, as well as a successful combination of architectural techniques and restrained decor, the building looks very solid and monumental. This effect is even more enhanced by the favorable location of the mausoleum in the open, elevated place. According to its architectural specification, this monument is unique because such a style is extremely rare in the architecture of Central Asia. In 1982, the mausoleum of the Alasha Khan was included in the list of monuments of history and culture of the Kazakh SSR of national significance and put under state protection.