Residential town of oilers is a unique memorial of architecture of the 40s-50s of the 20th century. Located in micro district “Zhilgorodok", one of the prestigious districts of Atyrau, it represent an ambitious projects of Soviet architecture. The residential town of oilers was built in 1944-1952 by architects A.V.refiev and C.V.Vasilkovskyi.
The history of construction reflects one of the most important periods in the history of our country. In the period of the Great Patriotic War in June 19433 the country needed petrol. There was decided to build oil refinery in Guriev (Atyrau) region. For this purpose there has to be built a residential town of oilers. Selecting the most economic building materials adaptable to severe conditions of the Caspian sea region, soviet constructors decided to use gypsum plates. A gypsum plat was build near the town of Guriev for its production. The town was built by Italian, Rumanian army prisoners and “the vlasovets" in the period from autumn 1943 to spring of 1944. Firstly there were built community facilities – club, seven-year school for 280 people, kindergarten, nursery, hospital with clinic, bath-house, bakery, boiler-house, water tower, pump station, trade premises, hotel. Architectural solution suitable to regional climate were used in construction. In decorations there were used such architectural elements as plain roofs, domes, fresco, plastering, wooden constructions.
Auezov avenue, the main street of the town, crosses with five streets which cross small streets forming little quarters. Thanks to an elaborate system of green plants the region has got fresh air in comparison with surrounding climate.
The architects established a developed town in record short time – in 1943-1945. Total area of Zhilgorodok is 55 hectares. In 1982 the residential town of oilers was included in the state list of monuments of historical and cultural value due to its original town architecture and its role in the development of oil industry in Kazakhstan.