Almaty Railway Museum is one of the largest technical museums in Kazakhstan. History of the museum began in 1999, when the personal collection of the railroader veteran Beisen Shormakov organized a small departmental museum. It was located in the former of Turksib Office, which was the architectural monument. Due to the work of the museum staff, the exhibition was expanded quickly, objects that connected with the railway history were sent from all over Kazakhstan. A large number of valuable exhibits came from the Celinnyi railway museum.
The museum moved to a new building of Almaty office RGP "Kazakhstan Temir Zholy" due to the centenary of Kazakhstan Railways in 2004.
Today, the museum exposition is placed in several rooms on the second floors.
Station bell is hanged at the main entrance of the museum in the early of the XX century. These bells were used to inform passengers about the arrival of the train. This bronze rarity once stood on the first station in Kazakhstan, in Uralsk.
Presentation with exposition begins from the hall, which tells about the life of Kazakh people before the first railway. It should be noted that most modern areas of railway tracks were laid along the routes of the Great Silk Road. Among exhibits visitors can see the layout of the trolley for traveling, vintage photos of the caravan, authentic card of caravan routes.
Among the unique exhibits are authentic cards "Railway, postal and shipping traffic of the Russian Empire" in 1894. The first Kazakhstan railway section separately highlighted - Intercession settlement to the Uralsk city. Its construction began in 1892.
Separate stand tells about the construction of Orenburg-Tashkent Transline. After completion of Orenburg-Kazalinsk section in 1904, it traced with beginning of Kazakh railway history. The first locomotive depot appeared on the territory of Kazakhstan.
Significant exhibition was devoted to the legendary Turksib. The Turkestan-Siberian railway was one of the most ambitious projects of the young Soviet state, which built in the period from 1926 to 1931. Construction of Turksib was simultaneously conducted from the station Lugovoi to Aina-Bulak, on the other from Semipalatinsk. The museum presents tools of workers, who built Tuksib: picks, shovels, oil lamps, press for compacting soil, and huge saws for cutting sleepers.
Most of the exhibition is consisted of mechanisms and devices that associated with the railway, for example, a spiral gear that was used in the USSR for the tow cars until the middle of last century. This heaviest device was taken by railway workers until the process had been automated. Another exhibit is Treger machine system, or electromechanical device for issuing wands that was created by telegraph worker Daniel Treger. This system had been extended to all the Soviet railways.
A special pride of the museum is taken by a unique collection of scale models - here represented dozens of models of locomotives in detail. They demonstrate the full evolution of technology - from the first steam of locomotive to modern bullet trains. Large-scale models of locomotives of the period 1905 and Turksib times are separately presented.
Personal items of railroader veterans and archival documents are presented on the second floor, which relate to the construction of railway. In a place of honor is tunic of Kabzhan Mukhamedzhanov, a veteran railroader, who worked from 1935 to 1979. He began his work on Turksib, and by the end of his work was chief of the Branch of the Shymkent Kazakh Railway. Mukhamedjanov - Hero of Labor and twice Commander of the Order of Lenin.
The unique collection of 300 railway icons is exhibited on the stands of the museum, and it is the largest collection in Kazakhstan and one of the largest in the CIS.
Museum staff is always happy and ready to spend interesting tour times with visitors, who love history and are interested in technology.